Nuclear power plant construction in Egypt

The construction of Egypt's first Al Dabaa nuclear power plant with the participation of Russia's Rosatom state corporation will start around June 2020, after all the necessary documents are obtained, said the president of the Egyptian authority for nuclear power plants, Amgad Wakeel.

"The first preparatory phase that began in December 2017 and is being implemented now will take approximately two and a half years," Sada El Balad told the newspaper.

He specified that in this period Rosatom plans to receive all the necessary permits and licenses, will also finish the construction of the infrastructure.
According to Al Wakeel, the second stage foresees the construction of reactors and will last about five and a half years.

He added that the same stage also provides for the training of personnel for the plant.

The last stage, the third, will take a year and will include the granting of the license for the launch of the plant and all the start-up works.

The contracts for the construction of Al Dabaa came into force on December 11, 2017, after the director of Rosatom, Alexéi Lijachov, and the Egyptian Minister of Electric Power and Renewable Energy, Mohamed Shaker, signed the corresponding minutes in the presence of the leaders of Russia and Egypt, Vladimir Putin and Abdelfatah Sisi.
The plant will have four VVER-1200 pressurized water nuclear reactors, each with a capacity of 1,200 megawatts, which enjoy greater safety and improved economic and technical parameters.

New record of magnetic field reaches the ideal for nuclear fusion

Scientists at the University of Tokyo has recorded the largest magnetic field in the laboratory: a huge amount of 1,200 teslas, measured in standard units of magnetic field strength.

In comparison, this is a field strength 400 times greater than those generated by the large and powerful magnets used in the MRI machines of modern hospitals, and is approximately 50 million times stronger than the Earth's own magnetic field. .

Previously stronger magnetic fields have been achieved in outdoor experiments using chemical explosives, but this is a world record for magnetic fields generated in the interior in a controlled manner.

That greater control means that the discovery could open new frontiers in solid-state physics, perhaps allowing scientists to achieve what is known as the "quantum limit," a condition where all electrons in a material are confined to the state fundamental lower, where exotic quantum phenomena can appear.

The high magnetic field also has implications for nuclear fusion reactors, a potential future tantalizing source if not carried out with abundant clean energy. To reach the quantum limit or sustain nuclear fusion, scientists believe that magnetic field strengths of 1,000 tesla or more are needed.

The experiments that set the new world record are described in an article that appears this week in the Review Review of Scientific Instruments, by AIP Publishing.

The work opens a new scientific horizon, said Daisuke Nakamura, first author of the article, and "has pushed the limits of ultra-high magnetic fields."